In this paper we present a review of population-based simulation for static inference problems. Such methods can be described as generating a collection of random variables {X n } n=1,N in parallel in order to simulate from some target density π (or potentially sequence of target densities). Population-based simulation is important as many challenging sampling problems in applied statistics cannot be dealt with successfully by conventional Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. We summarize population-based MCMC (Geyer, Computing Science and Statistics: The 23rd Symposium on the Interface, pp. 156-163, 1991; Liang and Wong, J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 96, 653-666, 2001) and sequential Monte Carlo samplers (SMC) (Del Moral, Doucet and Jasra, J. Roy. Stat. Soc. Ser. B 68, 411-436, 2006a), providing a comparison of the approaches. We give numerical examples from Bayesian mixture modelling (Richard son and Green, J. Roy. Stat. Soc. Ser. B 59, 731-792, 1997). © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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Statistics and Computing

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263 - 279