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The heat shock protein (HSP) 70 family has been implicated in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we examined common genetic variations in the 80 genes encoding HSP70 and its co-chaperones. We conducted a study in a series of 462 patients and 5238 unaffected participants derived from the Rotterdam Study, a population-based study including 7983 persons aged 55 years and older. We genotyped a total of 12,053 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) using the HumanHap550K Genotyping BeadChip from Illumina. Replication was performed in two independent cohort studies, the Framingham Heart study (FHS; n = 806) and Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS; n = 2150). When adjusting for multiple testing, we found a small but consistent, though not significant effect of rs12118313 located 32 kb from PFDN2, with an OR of 1.19 (p-value from meta-analysis = 0.003). However this SNP was in the intron of another gene, suggesting it is unlikely this SNP reflects the effect of PFDN2. In a formal pathway analysis we found nominally significant evidence for an association of BAG, DNAJA and prefoldin with AD. These findings corroborate with those of a study of 2032 AD patients and 5328 controls, in which several members of the prefoldin family showed evidence for association to AD. Our study did not reveal evidence for a genetic variant if the HSP70 family with a major effect on AD. However, our findings of the single SNP analysis and pathway analysis suggest that multiple genetic variants in prefoldin are associated with AD.

Original publication

DOI

10.3233/JAD-2011-101560

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD

Publication Date

01/2011

Volume

25

Pages

93 - 102

Addresses

Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Keywords

Humans, Alzheimer Disease, Molecular Chaperones, Cohort Studies, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins, Genetic Variation, Genetic Association Studies