Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

AIMS: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) have a multifactorial origin, in which subtle genetic factors and peri-conception exposures interact. We hypothesize that derangements in the homocysteine and detoxification pathways, due to a polymorphism in the nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) gene, low maternal dietary nicotinamide intake, and medicine use in the peri-conception period, affect CHD risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 292 case and 316 control families, maternal peri-conception medicine use and low dietary intake of nicotinamide (<or=13.8 mg/day) were independently associated with CHD risk [odds ratio (95% confidence interval) 1.6 (1.1-2.3) and 1.5 (1.03-2.3), respectively]. No significant association was found for the NNMT AG/AA genotype in mothers [0.9 (0.7-1.3)], fathers [1.1 (0.8-1.6)], or children [1.1 (0.8-1.6)]. However, the combination of peri-conception medicine use, low dietary nicotinamide intake, and the NNMT AG/AA genotype in mothers or children showed risk of 2.7 (1.02-8.1) and 8.8 (2.4-32.5), respectively. CONCLUSION: Children carrying the NNMT A allele face additional CHD risk in combination with peri-conception exposure to medicines and/or a low dietary nicotinamide intake. These findings provide a first set of data against which future studies with larger sample sizes can be compared with.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/eurheartj/ehn170

Type

Journal article

Journal

European heart journal

Publication Date

06/2008

Volume

29

Pages

1424 - 1431

Addresses

Division of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erasmus University Medical Centre, s-Gravendijkwal 230, 3015 CE Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Keywords

Humans, Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects, Heart Defects, Congenital, Hyperhomocysteinemia, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Niacinamide, Vitamin B Complex, Pharmaceutical Preparations, Epidemiologic Methods, Pregnancy, Genotype, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Adult, Child, Female, Male, Nicotinamide N-Methyltransferase