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Background and aimsProteomics holds promise for individualizing cancer treatment. We analyzed to what extent the proteomic landscape of human colorectal cancer (CRC) is maintained in established CRC cell lines and the utility of proteomics for predicting therapeutic responses.MethodsProteomic and transcriptomic analyses were performed on 44 CRC cell lines, compared against primary CRCs (n=95) and normal tissues (n=60), and integrated with genomic and drug sensitivity data.ResultsCell lines mirrored the proteomic aberrations of primary tumors, in particular for intrinsic programs. Tumor relationships of protein expression with DNA copy number aberrations and signatures of post-transcriptional regulation were recapitulated in cell lines. The 5 proteomic subtypes previously identified in tumors were represented among cell lines. Nonetheless, systematic differences between cell line and tumor proteomes were apparent, attributable to stroma, extrinsic signaling, and growth conditions. Contribution of tumor stroma obscured signatures of DNA mismatch repair identified in cell lines with a hypermutation phenotype. Global proteomic data showed improved utility for predicting both known drug-target relationships and overall drug sensitivity as compared with genomic or transcriptomic measurements. Inhibition of targetable proteins associated with drug responses further identified corresponding synergistic or antagonistic drug combinations. Our data provide evidence for CRC proteomic subtype-specific drug responses.ConclusionsProteomes of established CRC cell line are representative of primary tumors. Proteomic data tend to exhibit improved prediction of drug sensitivity as compared with genomic and transcriptomic profiles. Our integrative proteogenomic analysis highlights the potential of proteome profiling to inform personalized cancer medicine.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





1082 - 1095


Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.


Cell Line, Tumor, Stromal Cells, Humans, Colorectal Neoplasms, Neoplasm Proteins, Proteome, Antineoplastic Agents, Chromatography, Liquid, Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor, Gene Expression Profiling, Proteomics, Signal Transduction, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Mutation, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Patient Selection, Databases, Protein, Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Tumor Microenvironment, Transcriptome, Biomarkers, Tumor, Precision Medicine