Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae often causes exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and these exacerbations are frequently treated with oral antibiotics. The goals of this study were to determine the frequency of the simultaneous presence of multiple strains of H. influenzae in sputum and to measure the MICs of antibiotics for the isolates. In a prospective study, adults with COPD were seen monthly. Sputum cultures were obtained, and individual colonies were subjected to genomic DNA typing and MIC determinations. Multiple strains of H. influenzae were present simultaneously in the sputum of 26.3% of adults with COPD. In 64.5% of these, MICs of >/=1 antibiotic varied by >/=4-fold among the strains. Therefore, multiple strains of H. influenzae are frequently present simultaneously in the sputum of adults with COPD, and the antimicrobial susceptibility of different strains in the same sputum sometimes differs.

Original publication




Journal article


The Journal of infectious diseases

Publication Date





404 - 409


Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA.


Sputum, Humans, Haemophilus influenzae, Lung Diseases, Obstructive, DNA, Bacterial, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Bacterial Typing Techniques, Colony Count, Microbial, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Prospective Studies, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, Female, Male