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Through an analysis of polymorphism within and divergence between species, we can hope to learn about the distribution of selective effects of mutations in the genome, changes in the fitness landscape that occur over time, and the location of sites involved in key adaptations that distinguish modern-day species. We introduce a novel method for the analysis of variation in selection pressures within and between species, spatially along the genome and temporally between lineages. We model codon evolution explicitly using a joint population genetics-phylogenetics approach that we developed for the construction of multiallelic models with mutation, selection, and drift. Our approach has the advantage of performing direct inference on coding sequences, inferring ancestral states probabilistically, utilizing allele frequency information, and generalizing to multiple species. We use a Bayesian sliding window model for intragenic variation in selection coefficients that efficiently combines information across sites and captures spatial clustering within the genome. To demonstrate the utility of the method, we infer selective pressures acting in Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans from polymorphism and divergence data for 100 X-linked coding regions.

Original publication

DOI

10.1371/journal.pgen.1002395

Type

Journal article

Journal

Plos genetics

Publication Date

12/2011

Volume

7

Addresses

Department of Human Genetics and Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. daniel.wilson@ndm.ox.ac.uk

Keywords

Animals, Drosophila, Drosophila melanogaster, Codon, Bayes Theorem, Evolution, Molecular, Phylogeny, Gene Frequency, Mutation, Polymorphism, Genetic, Open Reading Frames, Models, Genetic, Genome, Insect, Genes, X-Linked, Selection, Genetic, Genetic Fitness