Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Antibiotic resistance is a continually increasing problem that has, to a greater or lesser extent, affected virtually every area of the world. The scientific literature is abundant with papers related to antibiotics and antibiotic resistance. Many excellent papers and reviews have been published during the past few years, and the literature base continues to expand at rapid speed. This review is meant to provide a recent update on antibiotic resistance among respiratory and enteric pathogens, with a focus on infections in children. Not a small task, but this paper is not meant to be exhaustive. Rather, the intention is to highlight the key antibiotics and antibiotic resistance mechanisms that are currently the most relevant to pediatrics. The most recently published literature is used wherever possible, and the reader is encouraged to explore specific topics of interest further by reviewing the referenced literature.

Original publication




Journal article


The Pediatric infectious disease journal

Publication Date





969 - 973


Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.


Humans, Bacteria, Bacterial Infections, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Drug Resistance, Bacterial, Adolescent, Child, Child, Preschool, Infant, Infant, Newborn