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MOTIVATION: Estimation of admixture proportions and principal component analysis (PCA) are fundamental tools in populations genetics. However, applying these methods to low- or mid-depth sequencing data without taking genotype uncertainty into account can introduce biases. RESULTS: Here we present fastNGSadmix, a tool to fast and reliably estimate admixture proportions and perform PCA from next generation sequencing data of a single individual. The analyses are based on genotype likelihoods of the input sample and a set of predefined reference populations. The method has high accuracy, even at low sequencing depth and corrects for the biases introduced by small reference populations. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The admixture estimation method is implemented in C ++ and the PCA method is implemented in R. The code is freely available at CONTACT: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





3148 - 3150


Genetics, Population, Genotype, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Humans, Principal Component Analysis, Probability, Software