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BackgroundCardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) is a novel technique for assessing myocardial deformation and dysfunction. However, a comprehensive assessment of normal values of strain parameters in all 4 cardiac chambers using different vendors is lacking.ObjectivesThis study aimed to characterize the normal values for myocardial strain in all 4 cardiac chambers and identify factors that contribute to variations in FT strain through a systematic review and meta-analysis of the CMR-FT published reports.MethodsThe investigators searched PubMed, Embase, and Scopus for myocardial strains of all 4 chambers measured by CMR-FT in healthy adults. The pooled means of all strain parameters were generated using a random-effects model. Subgroup analyses and meta-regressions were performed to identify the sources of variations.ResultsThis meta-analysis included 44 studies with a total of 3,359 healthy subjects. The pooled means of left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS), LV global radial strain, and LV global circumferential strain (GCS) were -18.4% (95% CI: -19.2% to -17.6%), 43.7% (95% CI: 40.0%-47.4%), and -21.4% (95%CI: -22.3% to -20.6%), respectively. The pooled means of left atrial (LA)-GLS (corresponding to total strain, passive strain, and active strain) were 34.9% (95% CI: 29.6%-40.2%), 21.3% (95% CI: 16.6%-26.1%) and 14.3% (95% CI: 11.8%-16.8%), respectively. The pooled means of right ventricular (RV)-GLS and right atrial global longitudinal total strain were -24.0% (95% CI: -25.8% to -22.1%) and 36.3% (95% CI: 15.5%-57.0%), respectively. Meta-regression identified field strength (P < 0.001; I2 = 98.6%) and FT vendor(P < 0.001; I2 = 98.5%) as significant confounders contributing to heterogeneity of LV-GLS. The variations of LA-GLSactive were associated with regional distribution (P < 0.001; I2 = 97.3%) and FT vendor (P < 0.001; I2 = 97.4%). Differences in FT vendor were attributed to variations of LV-GCS and RV-GLS (P = 0.02; I2 = 98.8% and P = 0.01; I2 = 93.8%).ConclusionsThis study demonstrated the normal values of CMR-FT strain parameters in all 4 cardiac chambers in healthy subjects. Differences in FT vendor contributed to the heterogeneity of LV-GLS, LV-GCS, LA-GLSactive, and RV-GLS, whereas sex, age, and MR vendor had no effect on the normal values of CMR-FT strain measurements.

Original publication




Journal article


JACC. Cardiovascular imaging

Publication Date



Department of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Fuwai Hospital, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.