A prospective analysis of the association between dietary fiber intake and prostate cancer risk in EPIC.
Suzuki R., Allen NE., Key TJ., Appleby PN., Tjønneland A., Johnsen NF., Jensen MK., Overvad K., Boeing H., Pischon T., Kaaks R., Rohrmann S., Trichopoulou A., Misirli G., Trichopoulos D., Bueno-de-Mesquita HB., van Duijnhoven F., Sacerdote C., Pala V., Palli D., Tumino R., Ardanaz E., Quirós JR., Larrañaga N., Sánchez M-J., Tormo M-J., Jakszyn P., Johansson I., Stattin P., Berglund G., Manjer J., Bingham S., Khaw K-T., Egevad L., Ferrari P., Jenab M., Riboli E.
Few studies have examined the association between dietary fiber intake and prostate cancer risk. We evaluated the association between dietary fiber intake and the risk of prostate cancer among 142,590 men in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Consumption of dietary fiber (total, cereal, fruit and vegetable fiber) was estimated by validated dietary questionnaires and calibrated using 24-hr dietary recalls. Incidence rate ratios were estimated using Cox regression and adjusted for potential confounding factors. During an average of 8.7 years follow-up, prostate cancer was diagnosed in 2,747 men. Overall, there was no association between dietary fiber intake (total, cereal, fruit or vegetable fiber) and prostate cancer risk, although calibrated intakes of total fiber and fruit fiber were associated with nonstatistically significant reductions in risk. There was no association between fiber derived from cereals or vegetables and risk and no evidence for heterogeneity in any of the risk estimates by stage or grade of disease. Our results suggest that dietary fiber intake is not associated with prostate cancer risk.