Development and Validation of a Novel Dementia Risk Score in the UK Biobank Cohort
Anatürk M., Patel R., Georgiopoulos G., Newby D., Topiwala A., de Lange A-M., Cole J., Jansen M., Ebmeier K., Singh-Manoux A., Kivimäki M., Suri S.
INTRODUCTION: Current prognostic models of dementia have had limited success in consistently identifying at-risk individuals. We aimed to develop and validate a novel dementia risk score (DRS) using the UK Biobank (UKB) cohort.METHODS: The UKB sample was randomly divided into a training (n=166,487, 80%) and test set (n=41,621, 20%). Logistic LASSO regression and standard logistic regression were used to develop the UKB-DRS.RESULTS: The score consisted of age, sex, education, apolipoprotein E4 genotype, a history of diabetes, stroke, and depression, and a family history of dementia. The UKB-DRS had good-to-strong discrimination accuracy in the UKB hold-out sample (AUC [95%CI]=0.79 [0.77, 0.82]) and in an external dataset (Whitehall II cohort, AUC [95%CI]=0.83 [0.79,0.87]). The UKB-DRS modestly but significantly outperformed four published risk scores (i.e., Australian National University Alzheimer’s Disease Risk Index (ANU-ADRI), Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging, and Dementia score (CAIDE), Dementia Risk Score (DRS), and the Framingham Cardiovascular Risk Score across both test sets.CONCLUSION: The UKB-DRS represents a novel easy-to-use tool that could be used for routine care or targeted selection of at-risk middle-aged individuals into clinical trials.