Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND:Rare genetic variants influence blood pressure (BP). METHODS AND RESULTS:Whole-exome sequencing was performed on DNA samples from 17 956 individuals of European ancestry and African ancestry (14 497, first-stage discovery and 3459, second-stage discovery) to examine the effect of rare variants on hypertension and 4 BP traits: systolic BP, diastolic BP, pulse pressure, and mean arterial pressure. Tests of ≈170 000 common variants (minor allele frequency, ≥1%; statistical significance, P≤2.9×10(-7)) and gene-based tests of rare variants (minor allele frequency, <1%; ≈17 000 genes; statistical significance, P≤1.5×10(-6)) were evaluated for each trait and ancestry, followed by multiethnic meta-analyses. In the first-stage discovery, rare coding variants (splicing, stop-gain, stop-loss, nonsynonymous variants, or indels) in CLCN6 were associated with lower diastolic BP (cumulative minor allele frequency, 1.3%; β=-3.20; P=4.1×10(-6)) and were independent of a nearby common variant (rs17367504) previously associated with BP. CLCN6 rare variants were also associated with lower systolic BP (β=-4.11; P=2.8×10(-4)), mean arterial pressure (β=-3.50; P=8.9×10(-6)), and reduced hypertension risk (odds ratio, 0.72; P=0.017). Meta-analysis of the 2-stage discovery samples showed that CLCN6 was associated with lower diastolic BP at exome-wide significance (cumulative minor allele frequency, 1.1%; β=-3.30; P=5.0×10(-7)). CONCLUSIONS:These findings implicate the effect of rare coding variants in CLCN6 in BP variation and offer new insights into BP regulation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.115.001215

Type

Journal article

Journal

Circulation. Cardiovascular genetics

Publication Date

02/2016

Volume

9

Pages

64 - 70

Keywords

CHARGE Consortium and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute GO ESP*, Humans, Hypertension, Chloride Channels, Risk Factors, Blood Pressure, Gene Frequency, Alleles, African Continental Ancestry Group, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Male, Exome