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Three hundred fifty-two blood culture isolates of viridans group streptococci obtained from 43 U.S. medical centers during 1993 and 1994 were characterized. Included were 48 isolates of "Streptococcus milleri," 219 S. mitis isolates, 29 S. salivarius isolates, and 56 S. sanguis isolates. High-level penicillin resistance (MIC, > or = 4.0 micrograms/ml) was noted among 13.4% of the strains; for 42.9% of the strains, penicillin MICs were 0.25 to 2.0 micrograms/ml (i.e., intermediate resistance). In general, amoxicillin was slightly more active than penicillin. The rank order of activity for five cephalosporins versus viridans group streptococci was cefpodoxime = ceftriaxone > cefprozil = cefuroxime >> cephalexin. The percentages of isolates resistant (MIC, > or = 2 micrograms/ml) to these agents were 15, 17, 18, 20, and 96, respectively. The rates of resistance to erythromycin, tetracycline, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were 12 to 38%. Resistance to either chloramphenicol or ofloxacin was uncommon (i.e., < 1%). In general, among the four species, S. mitis was the most resistant and "S. milleri" was the most susceptible.

Original publication

DOI

10.1128/aac.40.4.891

Type

Journal article

Journal

Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy

Publication Date

04/1996

Volume

40

Pages

891 - 894

Addresses

University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester 01655-0219, USA.

Keywords

Humans, Streptococcus, Chloramphenicol, Penicillins, Erythromycin, Tetracyclines, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Drug Resistance, Microbial, United States