Reverse transcriptase (RT) from the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 has been crystallized in four closely related forms, the best of which diffract X-rays to 2.2 A resolution. The RT was crystallized as a complex with a non-nucleoside inhibitor, either nevirapine or a nevirapine analogue. Crystals grew from 6% PEG 3400 buffered at pH 5. These were of space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with unit cell parameters a = 147 A, b = 112 A, c = 79 A (form A), with one RT heterodimer in the asymmetric unit. Changes in unit cell parameters and degree of crystalline order were observed on soaking pregrown crystals in various solutions, giving three further sets of unit cells. These were a = 143 A, b = 112, A, c = 79 A (form B), a = 141 A, b = 111 A, c = 73 A (form C), a = 143 A, b = 117 A, c = 66.5 A (form D). The last two forms diffract X-rays to 2.2 A resolution. Structure determinations of these latter crystal forms of RT should give a detailed atomic model for this therapeutically important drug target.

Original publication

DOI

10.1006/jmbi.1994.1604

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of molecular biology

Publication Date

09/1994

Volume

242

Pages

586 - 588

Addresses

Wellcome Research Laboratories, Beckenham, Kent, U.K.

Keywords

HIV-1, Pyridines, Nevirapine, RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase, Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors, Crystallography, X-Ray, HIV Reverse Transcriptase