A genome-wide search for linkage-disequilibrium with type 1 diabetes in a recent genetically isolated population from the Netherlands.
Vaessen N., Heutink P., Houwing-Duistermaat JJ., Snijders PJLM., Rademaker T., Testers L., Batstra MR., Sandkuijl LA., van Duijn CM., Oostra BA.
Type 1 diabetes has a substantial genetic component, with consistent evidence for a susceptibility locus in the HLA-DR/DQ region (chromosome 6p) and the insulin gene region (chromosome 11p). Genome scans have identified >18 other genomic regions that may harbor putative type 1 diabetes genes. However, evidence for most regions varies in different data sets. Given the genetic heterogeneity of type 1 diabetes, studies in homogeneous genetically isolated populations may be more successful in mapping susceptibility loci than in complex outbred populations. We describe a genome-wide search in a recently Dutch isolated population. We identified 43 patients that could be traced back to a common ancestor within 15 generations and performed a genome-wide scan using a combined linkage- and association-based approach. In addition to the HLA locus, evidence for type 1 diabetes loci was observed on chromosome 8q24 (marker D8S1128) and on chromosome 17q24 (marker D17S2059). Both the 8q and 17q localization are supported by allele-sharing at adjacent markers in affected individuals. Statistical evidence for a conserved ancestral haplotype was found for chromosome 8q24.