Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

HIV molecular epidemiology studies analyse viral pol gene sequences due to their availability, but whole genome sequencing allows to use other genes. We aimed to determine what gene(s) provide(s) the best approximation to the real phylogeny by analysing a simulated epidemic (created as part of the PANGEA_HIV project) with a known transmission tree. We sub-sampled a simulated dataset of 4662 sequences into different combinations of genes (gag-pol-env, gag-pol, gag, pol, env and partial pol) and sampling depths (100%, 60%, 20% and 5%), generating 100 replicates for each case. We built maximum-likelihood trees for each combination using RAxML (GTR + Γ), and compared their topologies to the corresponding true tree's using CompareTree. The accuracy of the trees was significantly proportional to the length of the sequences used, with the gag-pol-env datasets showing the best performance and gag and partial pol sequences showing the worst. The lowest sampling depths (20% and 5%) greatly reduced the accuracy of tree reconstruction and showed high variability among replicates, especially when using the shortest gene datasets. In conclusion, using longer sequences derived from nearly whole genomes will improve the reliability of phylogenetic reconstruction. With low sample coverage, results can be highly variable, particularly when based on short sequences.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/srep39489

Type

Journal article

Journal

Scientific reports

Publication Date

23/12/2016

Volume

6

Addresses

Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Keywords

PANGEA_HIV Consortium, ICONIC Project, Humans, HIV, HIV Infections, Likelihood Functions, Regression Analysis, Cohort Studies, Reproducibility of Results, Phylogeny, Genes, env, Genes, gag, Genes, pol, Genome, Viral, South Africa, Molecular Epidemiology, Epidemics, United Kingdom