Malaria Atlas Project
The Malaria Atlas Project (MAP) aims to disseminate free, accurate and up-to-date information on malaria and associated topics, organised on a geographical basis.
Our mission is to generate new and innovative methods to map malaria, to produce a comprehensive range of maps and estimates that will support effective planning of malaria control at national and international scales.
We obtain, curate, and share a variety of data relevant to this work, from figures on the number of malaria cases to satellite images to calculate global temperatures. The MAP group provides maps and consultancy free of charge to National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) staff, NGOs, country Ministries of Health and other third parties as part of our commitment to open access to data.
MAP is led by Professor Peter Gething of The Big Data Institute at The University of Oxford. The MAP group is split into staff who engage on academic work and staff who deal with obtaining, curating, and disseminating data and providing mapping support to NGOs and NMCPs.
CURRENT ACADEMIC WORK
MODELLING GLOBAL PARASITE RATES, INCIDENCE, AND INTERVENTION COVERAGE
Although the availability of global data on malaria parasite rates, incidence, and the coverage of interventions such as bed nets is improving, it remains the case that for much of the malaria-endemic world there is a deficit of reliable high-resolution data to inform policy decisions on malaria control. MAP has developed robust statistical models to take what data is available and extrapolate it to make regional and global prediction maps.
MAPPING MALARIA TO SUPPORT NATIONAL ELIMINATION
As malaria transmission declines globally, an increasing number of countries are planning or engaged in activities to eliminate malaria from within their borders. Often acting under significant financial and logistical constraints, there is a strong imperative for activities to be designed in ways that maximize impact and the likelihood of successful elimination whilst making optimal use of available resources. Critical to successful planning and implementation is robust understanding of the geographical landscape of malaria transmission which allows appropriate stratification, targeting, and tailoring of activities.
In a major, new Gates Foundation funded project, MAP is developing methods to improve the geospatial information available to countries planning and implementing malaria control and elimination activities.
THE CLINTON HEALTH ACCESS INITIATIVE
Under the leadership of Dr Katherine Battle, MAP is partnering with the Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) to provide direct technical support to programs in 18 countries on malaria elimination planning and surveillance, along with targeted control and response activities.
The MAP-Insecticide Resistance activity has three core aims: to characterise the spatiotemporal patterns of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors; to investigate the relationships with potential drivers of selection and the prevalence of resistance in mosquito populations; and to consider the impact of insecticide resistance on residual (unexplained) variation in malaria transmission. This work is led by Dr Catherine Moyes and Dr Penelope Hancock in collaboration with the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM). We also work on the GAARD project, led by the LSTM, which aims to develop new markers for insecticide resistance and to produce maps that predict which markers will be useful where in Africa.
HOUSING AND MALARIA
Improving housing and the built environment is a promising strategy for malaria control and elimination. Evidence from a number of African settings indicates that simple modifications that reduce house entry by malaria’s mosquito vectors, such as closing eave gaps and screening doors and windows, can help protect residents from malaria.
Supported by a three year postdoctoral fellowship from the UK Medical Research Council, Dr Lucy Tusting, in collaboration with other MAP researchers, is leading research to investigate the potential role of housing improvements in reducing malaria transmission in Africa.
THE ROAD-MAP TEAM
Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Repository for Open Access Data – Malaria Atlas Project (ROAD-MAP) team is led by Mike Thorn and comprises geospatial data technicians and information technology staff. ROAD-MAP is responsible for gathering, curating, and disseminating malariometric data of all kinds.
Data ROAD-MAP has gathered includes:
- Approximately 60,000 survey records from published sources that contain data on the infection status of nearly 5 million individuals
- Approximately 70,000 sets of state and district-level routine case data
- 135 modelled global raster surfaces including (but not limited to) parasite rates, incidence, interventions, temperature and humidity covariates, blood disorders, population, and mosquito ranges.
- 30,354 vector survey sites across 143 countries from 1970 to 2009
- 10,922 bionomic surveys across 82 countries from 1970 to 2012
- 8924 insecticide resistance and resistance mechanism survey records from 2444 sites across 56 countries from 1947 to 2015.
- Test results for 422,958 people from 100 countries for G6PD deficiency
- Test results for 114,563 people from 110 countries for Duffy negativity
ROAD-MAP is also responsible for collaborating with the World Health Organization on the maps for the annual World Malaria Report.
THE MAP WEBSITES
ROAD-MAP has the responsibility to create and maintain MAP’s websites and web social media presence and videos.
The main MAP website is: www.map.ox.ac.uk
A data explorer tool is also available for downloading the publicly available survey data MAP has accumulated: www.map.ox.ac.uk/explorer
ROAD-MAP will be launching new versions of all these pages in the summer of 2017.
For more information, contact firstname.lastname@example.org