Using the statistical analysis of genetic variation, we have developed a high-resolution genetic map of recombination hotspots and recombination rate variation across the human genome. This map, which has a resolution several orders of magnitude greater than previous studies, identifies over 25,000 recombination hotspots and gives new insights into the distribution and determination of recombination. Wavelet-based analysis demonstrates scale-specific influences of base composition, coding context and DNA repeats on recombination rates, though, in contrast with other species, no association with DNase I hypersensitivity. We have also identified specific DNA motifs that are strongly associated with recombination hotspots and whose activity is influenced by local context. Comparative analysis of recombination rates in humans and chimpanzees demonstrates very high rates of evolution of the fine-scale structure of the recombination landscape. In the light of these observations, we suggest possible resolutions of the hotspot paradox.

Original publication

DOI

10.1042/BST0340526

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biochem Soc Trans

Publication Date

08/2006

Volume

34

Pages

526 - 530

Keywords

Animals, Base Sequence, Biological Evolution, Chromosome Mapping, Genome, Human, Humans, Mitosis, Recombination, Genetic