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Land-cover information for Nigeria was obtained from a countrywide, low-level aerial survey conducted in 1990. A range of spectral vegetation indices (SVIs) and ground surface temperature estimates were calculated for Nigeria using daily data throughout 1990 from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data. A supervised classification of the land-cover classes was then performed using a modified discriminant analysis in which predictor variables were selected from the mean, maximum, minimum and standard deviation of the raw waveband AVHRR data, AVHRR derived products and a digital elevation model (DEM). With a 60 per cent threshold coverage by any one of eight major vegetation types the analysis correctly predicted land-cover type with producer accuracies (excluding 'bare ground' with only a few points) of between 48 per cent (cultivation) and 100 per cent (mangrove) (average 74.5 per cent). © 1997 Taylor & Francis Ltd.

Original publication




Journal article


International Journal of Remote Sensing

Publication Date





3297 - 3303