Ebola is a zoonotic filovirus that has the potential to cause outbreaks of variable magnitude in human populations. This database collates our existing knowledge of all known human outbreaks of Ebola for the first time by extracting details of their suspected zoonotic origin and subsequent human-to-human spread from a range of published and non-published sources. In total, 22 unique Ebola outbreaks were identified, composed of 117 unique geographic transmission clusters. Details of the index case and geographic spread of secondary and imported cases were recorded as well as summaries of patient numbers and case fatality rates. A brief text summary describing suspected routes and means of spread for each outbreak was also included. While we cannot yet include the ongoing Guinea and DRC outbreaks until they are over, these data and compiled maps can be used to gain an improved understanding of the initial spread of past Ebola outbreaks and help evaluate surveillance and control guidelines for limiting the spread of future epidemics.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/sdata.2014.42

Type

Journal article

Journal

Scientific Data

Publication Date

23/10/2014

Volume

1

Addresses

Spatial Ecology & Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford , Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK.

Keywords

Humans, Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola, Disease Outbreaks, Databases, Factual, Ebolavirus