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Climate change and urbanization can alter the burden of human diseases. The tropics, a region that includes the poorest populations and highest disease burdens, are expected to get slightly hotter and substantially more urban. Studies have projected changing burdens under different climate or urbanization scenarios, but it remains unclear what will happen if both happen at once. Interactions could amplify disease burdens, improve health overall, or shift burdens around. Social planners need better data on contemporary seasonal disease incidence patterns across the spectrum of climate, urbanicity and socio-economic status. How climate change, urbanization and health interact must be understood to adequately plan for the future.

Original publication




Journal article


Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Publication Date





171 - 172


Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Indiana University School of Public Health, Bloomington, IN 47401, USA


Humans, Communicable Diseases, Cities, Tropical Climate, Seasons, Urbanization, Urban Health, Rural Population, Suburban Population, Climate Change