Since the first isolation of dengue virus (DENV) in 1943, four types have been identified. Global phenomena such as urbanization and international travel are key factors in facilitating the spread of dengue. Documenting the type-specific record of DENV spread has important implications for understanding patterns in dengue hyperendemicity and disease severity as well as vaccine design and deployment strategies. Existing studies have examined the spread of DENV types at regional or local scales, or described phylogeographic relationships within a single type. Here we summarize the global distribution of confirmed instances of each DENV type from 1943 to 2013 in a series of global maps. These show the worldwide expansion of the types, the expansion of disease hyperendemicity, and the establishment of an increasingly important infectious disease of global public health significance.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.tim.2013.12.011

Type

Journal article

Journal

Trends in microbiology

Publication Date

03/2014

Volume

22

Pages

138 - 146

Addresses

Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK. Electronic address: jane.messina@zoo.ox.ac.uk.

Keywords

Dengue Virus, Dengue, Topography, Medical, History, 20th Century, History, 21st Century, Phylogeography