Chronology of the HIV-1 CRF07_BC expansion in East Asia.
Tee KK., Pybus OG., Liao H., Uenishi R., Hase S., Kamarulzaman A., Li XJ., Takebe Y.
The HIV-1 epidemic among injecting drug users (IDU) in Taiwan is caused primarily by CRF07_BC infections. Evolutionary analyses, which utilize outgroup reference strains from northwestern China (Xinjiang), reveal that CRF07_BC was introduced into southern Taiwan in 1998-2001 and spread to central-northern Taiwan in 2001-2003, causing the largest HIV/AIDS epidemic in Taiwan. The separate introduction of CRF07_BC into Xinjiang occurred in 1992-1995. This study illustrates the temporal dynamics of CRF07_BC spread among IDU across east Asia.