Robust estimates of heritable coronary disease risk in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
Grace C., Hopewell JC., Watkins H., Farrall M., Goel A.
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is an important heritable risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD), the risk of both diseases being increased by metabolic syndrome (MS). With the availability of large-scale genome-wide association data, we aimed to elucidate the genetic burden of CAD risk in T2D predisposed individuals within the context of MS and their shared genetic architecture. Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses supported a causal relationship between T2D and CAD [odds ratio (OR) = 1.13 per log-odds unit 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-1.16; p = 1.59 × 10-17 ]. Simultaneously adjusting MR analyses for the effects of the T2D instrument including blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, and obesity attenuated the association between T2D and CAD (OR = 1.07, 95% CI: 1.04-1.11). Bayesian locus-overlap analysis identified 44 regions with the same causal variant underlying T2D and CAD genetic signals (FDR 0.7; five (MHC, LPL, ABO, RAI1 and MC4R) of these regions contain genome-wide significant (p