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Within schistosomiasis control, assessing environmental risk of currently non-treated demographic groups e.g. pre-school-aged children (PSAC) and their mothers is important. We conducted a pilot micro-epidemiological assessment at the crater lake of Barombi Kotto, Cameroon with GPS tracking and infection data from 12 PSAC-mother pairs (n = 24) overlaid against environmental sampling inclusive of snail, parasite and water-use information. Several high-risk locations or 'hotspots' with elevated water contact, increased intermediate snail host densities and detectable schistosome environmental DNA (eDNA) were identified. Exposure between PSAC and mother pairs was temporally and spatially associated, suggesting interventions which can benefit both groups simultaneously might be feasible. When attempting to interrupt parasite transmission in future, overlaid maps of snail, parasite and water contact data can guide fine-scale spatial targeting of environmental interventions.

Original publication




Journal article


Acta tropica

Publication Date





Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool L3 5QA United Kingdom; Centre for Health Informatics, Computing, and Statistics, Lancaster University Medical School, Lancaster LA1 4YW United Kingdom.


Animals, Humans, Schistosomiasis haematobia, Risk, Cross-Sectional Studies, Mothers, Environment, Adult, Child, Preschool, Cameroon, Female, Male