BACKGROUND: Insecticide-treated nets and intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine are recommended for the control of malaria during pregnancy in endemic areas in Africa, but there has been no analysis of coverage data at a subnational level. We aimed to synthesise data from national surveys about these interventions, accounting for disparities in malaria risk within national borders. METHODS: We extracted data for specific strategies for malaria control in pregnant women from national malaria policies from endemic countries in Africa. We identified the most recent national household cluster-sample surveys recording intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and use of insecticide-treated nets. We reconciled data to subnational administrative units to construct a model to estimate the number of pregnant women covered by a recommended intervention in 2007. FINDINGS: 45 (96%) of 47 countries surveyed had a policy for distribution of insecticide-treated nets for pregnant women; estimated coverage in 2007 was 4·7 million (17%) of 27·7 million pregnancies at risk of malaria in 32 countries with data. 39 (83%) of 47 countries surveyed had an intermittent preventive treatment policy; in 2007, an estimated 6·4 million (25%) of 25·6 million pregnant women received at least one dose of treatment and 19·8 million (77%) visited an antenatal clinic (31 countries). Estimated coverage was lowest in areas of high-intensity transmission of malaria. INTERPRETATION: Despite success in a few countries, coverage of insecticide-treated nets and intermittent preventive treatment in pregnant African women is inadequate; increased efforts towards scale-up are needed. FUNDING: The Malaria in Pregnancy Consortium and Wellcome Trust.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/S1473-3099(10)70295-4

Type

Journal article

Journal

Lancet Infect Dis

Publication Date

03/2011

Volume

11

Pages

190 - 207

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Africa South of the Sahara, Antimalarials, Drug Combinations, Female, Humans, Insecticide-Treated Bednets, Malaria, Middle Aged, Mosquito Control, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic, Pyrimethamine, Sulfadoxine, Young Adult